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9 avril 2010 5 09 /04 /avril /2010 18:33

Le développeurs ont pris l’habitude de manipuler les données à l’aide de Dataset et de DataTable. Depuis l’arrivé  de LINQ leurs habitudes ont un peu changé et ils ont du s’habituer à travailler plus souvent avec des IEnumerable(of Anonyme).

La méthode CopyToDatatable permet de copier les résultats d’une requête LINQ dans un DataTable.

 

Voici un exemple :

 

Code :

Dim dt As New DataTable

Dim resultat = From element As DataRow in maDataTable Where element.monChamp=maVariable Select element

resultat.CopyToDataTable(dt)

Cette méthode est très pratique si l’on veut continuer de travailler avec des DataTables. Le problème c’est que cette méthode n’est disponible que si le résultat de votre requête LINQ est de type DataRow.

 

Pour pouvoir utiliser CopyToDataTable pour d’autres types, vous devez ajouter le code suivant à votre application.

 

Créez une classe ObjectShredder(Of T) (ce code provient de MSDN) :

 

Code :

Imports System.Reflection

Public Class ObjectShredder(Of T)

    Private _fi As FieldInfo()
    Private _ordinalMap As Dictionary(Of String, Integer)
    Private _pi As PropertyInfo()
    Private _type As Type

  
    Public Sub New()
        Me._type = GetType(T)
        Me._fi = Me._type.GetFields
        Me._pi = Me._type.GetProperties
        Me._ordinalMap = New Dictionary(Of String, Integer)
    End Sub

    Public Function ShredObject(ByVal table As DataTable, ByVal instance As T) As Object()
        Dim fi As FieldInfo() = Me._fi
        Dim pi As PropertyInfo() = Me._pi
        If (Not instance.GetType Is GetType(T)) Then
            ' Si l'instance dérive de T, étendre le schéma de la table
            ' et récupérer les propirétés et les champs
            Me.ExtendTable(table, instance.GetType)
            fi = instance.GetType.GetFields
            pi = instance.GetType.GetProperties
        End If

        ' Add the property and field values of the instance to an array.
        Dim values As Object() = New Object(table.Columns.Count - 1) {}
        Dim f As FieldInfo
        For Each f In fi
            values(Me._ordinalMap.Item(f.Name)) = f.GetValue(instance)
        Next
        Dim p As PropertyInfo
        For Each p In pi
            values(Me._ordinalMap.Item(p.Name)) = p.GetValue(instance, Nothing)
        Next

        ' Return the property and field values of the instance.
        Return values
    End Function

    ' Summary:           Loads a DataTable from a sequence of objects.
    ' source parameter:  The sequence of objects to load into the DataTable.</param>
    ' table parameter:   The input table. The schema of the table must match that
    '                    the type T.  If the table is null, a new table is created 
    '                    with a schema created from the public properties and fields
    '                    of the type T.
    ' options parameter: Specifies how values from the source sequence will be applied to
    '                    existing rows in the table.
    ' Returns:           A DataTable created from the source sequence.

    Public Function Shred(ByVal source As IEnumerable(Of T), ByVal table As DataTable, ByVal options As LoadOption?) As DataTable

        ' Load the table from the scalar sequence if T is a primitive type.
        If GetType(T).IsPrimitive Then
            Return Me.ShredPrimitive(source, table, options)
        End If

        ' Create a new table if the input table is null.
        If (table Is Nothing) Then
            table = New DataTable(GetType(T).Name)
        End If

        ' Initialize the ordinal map and extend the table schema based on type T.
        table = Me.ExtendTable(table, GetType(T))

        ' Enumerate the source sequence and load the object values into rows.
        table.BeginLoadData()
        Using e As IEnumerator(Of T) = source.GetEnumerator
            Do While e.MoveNext
                If options.HasValue Then
                    table.LoadDataRow(Me.ShredObject(table, e.Current), options.Value)
                Else
                    table.LoadDataRow(Me.ShredObject(table, e.Current), True)
                End If
            Loop
        End Using
        table.EndLoadData()

        ' Return the table.
        Return table
    End Function

    Public Function ShredPrimitive(ByVal source As IEnumerable(Of T), ByVal table As DataTable, ByVal options As LoadOption?) As DataTable
        ' Create a new table if the input table is null.
        If (table Is Nothing) Then
            table = New DataTable(GetType(T).Name)
        End If
        If Not table.Columns.Contains("Value") Then
            table.Columns.Add("Value", GetType(T))
        End If

        ' Enumerate the source sequence and load the scalar values into rows.
        table.BeginLoadData()
        Using e As IEnumerator(Of T) = source.GetEnumerator
            Dim values As Object() = New Object(table.Columns.Count - 1) {}
            Do While e.MoveNext
                values(table.Columns.Item("Value").Ordinal) = e.Current
                If options.HasValue Then
                    table.LoadDataRow(values, options.Value)
                Else
                    table.LoadDataRow(values, True)
                End If
            Loop
        End Using
        table.EndLoadData()

        ' Return the table.
        Return table
    End Function

    Public Function ExtendTable(ByVal table As DataTable, ByVal type As Type) As DataTable
        ' Extend the table schema if the input table was null or if the value
        ' in the sequence is derived from type T.
        Dim f As FieldInfo
        Dim p As PropertyInfo

        For Each f In type.GetFields
            If Not Me._ordinalMap.ContainsKey(f.Name) Then
                Dim dc As DataColumn

                ' Add the field as a column in the table if it doesn't exist
                ' already.
                dc = IIf(table.Columns.Contains(f.Name), table.Columns.Item(f.Name), table.Columns.Add(f.Name, f.FieldType))

                ' Add the field to the ordinal map.
                Me._ordinalMap.Add(f.Name, dc.Ordinal)
            End If

        Next

        For Each p In type.GetProperties
            If Not Me._ordinalMap.ContainsKey(p.Name) Then
                ' Add the property as a column in the table if it doesn't exist
                ' already.
                Dim dc As DataColumn
                dc = IIf(table.Columns.Contains(p.Name), table.Columns.Item(p.Name), table.Columns.Add(p.Name, p.PropertyType))

                ' Add the property to the ordinal map.
                Me._ordinalMap.Add(p.Name, dc.Ordinal)
            End If
        Next

        ' Return the table.
        Return table
    End Function

End Class

 

 

Ensuite, créez un module :

 

Code :

Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

Public Module CustomLINQtoDataSetMethods
    <Extension()> _
    Public Function CopyToDataTable(Of T)(ByVal source As IEnumerable(Of T)) As DataTable
        Return New ObjectShredder(Of T)().Shred(source, Nothing, Nothing)
    End Function

    <Extension()> _
    Public Function CopyToDataTable(Of T)(ByVal source As IEnumerable(Of T), ByVal table As DataTable, ByVal options As LoadOption?) As DataTable
        Return New ObjectShredder(Of T)().Shred(source, table, options)
    End Function

End Module

 

Vous pouvez désormais utiliser CopyToDataTable avec d’autres Types !

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